LDS. Tragedy struck in the fall of 1856 after the Willie and Martin handcart companies left late in the season with 1,000 people between them. The Mormon Trail is important because it has the largest mass migrations in the U.S. history, saved the mormon faith, if they would have stayed they may have been killed by angry mobs. Contents. Salt Lake City, Utah by James Ackerman, 1851, The first Mormon pioneers to arrive in the Salt Lake Valley were Orson Pratt and Erastus Snow, who came as part of the scouting party. One of the early hardships faced by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "the Mormons", started with the persecution that forced them to move several times. Starvations, death, depression, loss of limbs, frost bite. Compiled & edited by Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated March 2020. In Wyoming it travels the same route as the Oregon and California trails. migration west. Mormons continued to use the Oregon Trail from Independence through the 1850s and ’60s. Thousands did not survive the hardships and suffering of the journey. Notwithstanding all the present evidence to the contrary, it is the belief of the author that subsequent investigation will prove that the Mormons traveled in greater numbers south of the Platte River than on the north side. Describe the trail Mormons had to take to get to Utah, the hardships they had to deal with. Which hardship did many pioneers face while traveling the Mormon Trail? Note: The article, as it appears here, is far from verbatim as it has been edited for clarity, truncated, and updated for the modern reader. Like the other westward-bound emigrants, the Mormons settlers were hoping for a better life, and more importantly to them, religious freedom. The Pioneer Company of 1846-1847 established a route from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Salt Lake City, Utah, covering about 1,300 miles that would include the construction of new ferries and bridges, and the placement of markers for others to follow. The Utah Jazz beat the Portland Trail Blazers, 120-100, in the season opener for both teams on Wednesday night. Mormon Iconoclast Accidental shootings, including self-inflicted, were so common that many train leaders banned the carrying of loaded weapons close to camps. Mormon Newsroom There, they crossed the stream and bore to the north, passing near the present town of Ogden; then north to the Big Blue River, following up the west side of this stream past Garrison’s Crossing and Randolph, crossing Fancy Creek near the latter place. They faced constant attacks by Native Americans. We've all traveled the Oregon Trail, but have YOU ever traversed the Mormon Trail? Start your day with the top stories you missed while you were sleeping. Roughly 70,000 Mormons traveled along the Mormon Trail from 1846 to 1869 in order to escape religious persecution. Embarking at the different seaports of England, they took passage on ships that sailed for ports that had rail or steamboat connections to the eastern terminus of some trail that led to their promised land. Despite all the hardships, most children who made the journey reveled in it the rest of their lives. The Mormons were no strangers to the Iowa pioneers. Mormon Trail informationCall the Wyoming Division of Tourism, (800) 225-5996, to request a Mormon Trail vacation packet. The Mormon Trail The Mormon Trail covers about 1,300 miles starting in Illinois. Mormon Trail Explore the route traveled by 70,000 Mormons from 1846 to 1869. Into the Wilderness, 1846 Routes through California, 1846–1848 Route to the Great Salt Lake, 1847 The Trail in the 1850s From Wagon Roads to Railroads The exhausted companies set up camp in deep snow on the Wyoming plains, where more than 200 people died from starvation and cold. The Mormon Trails of northern Kansas and southern Nebraska started from the following points mainly: Independence and St. Joseph, Missouri; Leavenworth and Atchison, Kansas, and quite a number crossed the Missouri River at Brownsville and Nebraska City. For the next two decades, wagon trains bearing thousands of Mormon immigrants followed Young’s westward trail. Mormon Trail, in U.S. history, the route taken by Mormons from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what would become the state of Utah.After Mormon leader Joseph Smith was murdered by a mob in 1844, church members realized that their settlement at Nauvoo was becoming increasingly untenable.Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, proposed a 1,300-mile (2,100-km) exodus to the west. About the Author: The top portion of this article was excerpted from Charles Dawson’s book, Pioneer Tales from the Oregon Trail and Jefferson County, published in 1912. Pioneer Pathways to Zion, 1846–1890. Our cookies are delicious. We use cookies. Even all of those who went by the way of Omaha did not follow the old California Trail up the north side of the Platte River. We all know the story of the Oregon trail, with their constantly broken wagons, easily caught diseases, and action-movie amounts of bullets. Reading, Interpreting, and Protecting Trail Ruts Studying the ruts still along the old Mormon Trail helps the student better understand the migration history. West of the Missouri River they shared trails, campgrounds, ferries, triumphs, tragedies, and common trail experiences of the day, with thousands of other westering Americans. Handcarts were the least typical way of arriving in the valley. They endured hardships with the rest of the Saints as well as trouble with the Indians. The main branch, after crossing Rose Creek, kept on to the north and west, entering Thayer County, joining the old Oregon Trail in the vicinity of Hebron, on the Little Blue River. Explain the differences of the Mormon religion to most main stream Christian religions of the day, Methodist, Lutheran, Catholic, so forth. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. When they entered Salt Lake Valley, it was part of Mexico and no one had asked permission. The Mormon Trail is the 1,300-mile (2,100 km) long route from Illinois to Utah that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traveled for 3 months. Some of these include the Nauvoo Temple in Illinois, the Carthage Jail in Illinois, the Florence Mill in Nebraska, one of the last remaining structures built at Winter Quarters by the 5,000 plus  Mormons who spent a cold, dreary winter thereafter their exodus from Nauvoo; Devil’s Gate and Register Cliff in  Wyoming, and more. The Mormon Trail By: Maxx Anderson 2. All histories of the Mormons during these times say that there existed deep hatred, coupled with fear, between them and the Gentiles, that eventually led up to an armed insurrection by the Mormons in 1857, following the “Mountain Meadows Massacre,” which caused the sending of 5,000 soldiers under General Albert Sidney Johnston to Utah in 1857-58, to quell and subjugate them. 324 South State Street, Suite 200 The Mormon Trail was built by the Mormons to help fellow Mormons be able follow and practice their chosen faith. 801-741-1012. The few Mormons that crossed the Missouri River at Brownville and Nebraska City followed the trails that other travelers had established over the prairies, the lower one joining the Oregon Trail, on the Big Sandy River, in Jefferson County, and the Nebraska City Trail joining it a few miles east of Fort Kearny. Routine, Rules Discipline, Constitutions Description of a typical day on the trail. 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