The adjective phrase can be any modifying phrase, but the adjective clause works as a dependent or subordinate clause, and as such must have a subject and an operative verb. Reduced Adjective Clauses We reduce sentences when you have the same subject in the main clause and the adjective clause. (Swan "Reduced relative clauses" 498.10) b Before the students came to class, they met at a café. Finish Editing. To reduce the underlined clause to a phrase, we do two things: first, we omit the relative pronoun “that”; second, we change the verb “consist” to its -ing form. Edit. Edit. When he was checking out the car, the technician noticed a defect in the electrical system. Before we get into reducing clauses into phrases, it’s a good idea to be clear about what we mean when we say clause and phrase. Agree, decide, promise, pretend, hope, expect, remind and require are all examples of verbs that can be followed by noun clauses. Adverb clause reduction is a way of streamlining a sentence by knocking off the formal subject of the adverb clause to make it an adverb phrase instead. Need captions? 7. While he was walking on the beach Alex found many interesting shells. Reducing Adverb Clauses to Phrases (1 of 4) – Advanced English Grammar. Adjective clauses that have ‘who’, ‘which’, or ‘that’ as subjects can be reduced to phrases by omitting the subject pronouns and the ‘be’ form of the auxiliary verb. Edit. An clause is a group of related words containing a subject and a verb which modifies a noun. When you write a letter of commendation for an employee, back up your statements with examples. Print ; Share; Edit; Delete; Host a game. If that last sentence isn’t crystal-clear to you, I recommend that you take a look at this article, because it’s important to understand that concept before we continue. Throughout my entire life I’ve always wanted to speak in English fluently, but because of the way English is taught in schools, I always struggled with my spoken English. While: Take a QUIZ on Parallel Structure! 4. REDUCED: Mary, happy with her decision to attend UCD, is... 7. prepositional phrase: The runner [who is in the lead at the Denver Marathon] won an Olympic gold medal last year. ), Reduction: The boy riding his bicycle is Michael. Click on DONORS above for a list of donors. The woman who was riding the subway is late for work. The reason I ask is because I understand that a phrase is a group of words that act as a single part of speech. Example: English has an alphabet that consists of 26 letters. Exercise 10, p. 398. Imprints natural English speech patterns in your mind - revolutionary speech exercising technology! Since she moved to the city Kim has taken on several interesting and challenging jobs. In order to write concise sentences, use only the words necessary to achieve meaning and coherence. English. 20. Informal Language What you need to know! Great lecture! Forums Grammar & Sentence Structure 1 + 0. 15. There are 7 kinds of reduced adjective clauses, as shown in the chart below. Both clauses have the same subject and hence we can reduce the adverb clause into a phrase. Here the clause ‘who just walked in’ is an example of a relative clause. Adjective Clause Reduction Solo Practice. Relative clauses are sometimes shortened. Reduced adverb clauses refer to the shortening of an adverb clause to an adverbial phrase of time, causality, or opposition. You may select more than one answer. Employees who work for the company are not responsible for paying their medical health premiums. We can only reduce the following adverb clauses: 1. Can take a noun clause that has been reduced to a gerund phrase b. Click on CC. Leave a comment with your answers! Here the clause ‘who just walked in’ is an example of a relative clause. Here are the rules for changing adverb clauses to modifying adverbial phrases: The subjects of both the adverb clause and main clause must be the same. I feel asleep ___ TV. Also, some of the noun clauses that follow these verbs may be reduced to infinitive phrases. Reduced: They admit having problems at school. Now, you might be asking: What do I do if the relative clause doesn’t contain the verb “to be”? 8. This practice will help you learn how to reduce an adjective clause to an adjective phrase. In this phrases and clauses quiz you have to decide whether the highlighted part of the sentence is a phrase or a clause. 2. Discuss on our WP Forum. As he was returning from the beach Alex met an old friend. If you choose a wrong answer, you'll see an explanation to help you learn from your mistake. Reducing noun clauses to infinitive phrases part three. Adjective clauses contain relative pronouns like who, which, or that. Omit the subject pronouns and the ‘be’ form of the verb (In ‘was vacationing’, the word ‘was’ is a form of the verb ‘be’. Before ___, I brushed my teeth. University . Now, you might be asking — hey, can you really do that? Clause To Phrase!? Before I came to class, I stopped in a café for a cup. Adverb clause of time [ when, whenever, while, before, after, since, until and once] 2. 3. However, astute reader Juhapekka pointed out that in examples like the above sentence, you can’t omit only the pronoun, but you can omit the pronoun plus the form of “to be” (in this case, “is”): The dog eating a biscuit has brown fur. Adverbial clause tersebut mungkin dapat direduksi jika subject-nya sama dengan subject pada main clause-nya. Save. (Be careful, however, not to lose some needed emphasis by over-pruning; the word "which," which is sometimes necessary [as it is in this sentence], is not evil.) 4 months ago. The Forum’s recent retrospective of the first of its two-part series in 2018 on reducing adjective clauses to adjective phrases drew this rejoinder last October 26 from Forum member Miss Mae: “Does this mean that it’s still okay if writers don’t get to reduce adjective clauses to adjective phrases?” My answer is a categorical “Yes, […] These are the main differences: Clause: a group of words that has a subject and a verb and express a complete thought 4 months ago. 6. adjective phrase: Mary, [who is happy with her decision to attend UCD], is doing very well there. An adjective … Appreciate a. To play this quiz, please finish editing it. It must be difficult, right? This practice will help you learn how to reduce an adjective clause to an adjective phrase. (Azar "Reducing Adjective Clauses to Adjective Phrases" 13-11) "A participle is often used intead of a relative pronoun and full verb." The basic way to reduce an adverb clause is therefore to knock off its formal subject to make it an adverb phrase with essentially the same meaning. Link to this playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLfQSN9FlyB6SVa2-sS_kYMSIldJT7qZ-Z Want more grammar? Those who wish to travel with us must be ready to leave on short notice. / Before coming to class, the students met. Adverbial phrase yang kemudian didapat mendeskripsikan subject pada bagian main clause.. Lihat juga: reduced adjective clause; reduced noun clause; Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Reduced Adverbial Clause. He passed the test. As he was returning from the beach, Alex met an old friend. It modifies a noun. I feel asleep ___ TV. 0. Reducing Adj. Clauses are different from phrases, which also modify nouns but do not contain a subject-verb relationship. • A modifying adverbial phrase that is the reduction of an adverb clause modifies the subject of the main clause. Reducing Clauses To Phrases? 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