bulbiferum, and A. cepa var. This tends to give it more credibility as a vegetable than an herb or a spice. [24], Pliny the Elder of the first century AD wrote about the use of onions and cabbage in Pompeii. up to 10 cm in diameter, and it is composed of several. Carrot – This is a modified tap root, for storage. As a food item, they are usually served cooked, as a vegetable or part of a prepared savoury dish, but can also be eaten raw or used to make pickles or chutneys. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen. Onion definition is - a widely cultivated Asian herb (Allium cepa) of the lily family with pungent edible bulbs; also : its bulb. I still think of onions as a root vegetable, though. [61], Onions may be grown from seeds or from partially grown bulbs called "sets". The Vegetable Research and Information Center of the University of California, Davis defines a vegetable as following: A vegetable is the edible portion of a plant. Finally, "short-day" onions, which have been developed in more recent times, are planted in mild-winter areas in the autumn and form bulbs in the early spring, and require only 11–12 hours of daylight to stimulate bulb formation. Tomatoes are fruits, same as sweet peppers, pumpkins, cucumbers and courgettes. Closely related to garlic, onions are the most widely cultivated plant in the Allium genera.. The difference in the fruit and the vegetable has to do with the reproductive portions of the plant. The leaves are yellowish- to bluish green and grow alternately in a flattened, fan-shaped swathe. [12] However, Zohary and Hopf state that "there are doubts whether the A. vavilovii collections tested represent genuine wild material or only feral derivatives of the crop. To help us understand whether we should classify onions as fruits or vegetables, we must first see what are the differences between fruits, vegetables, roots, and bulbs. Nutritionally, potato … Cepa is commonly accepted as Latin for "onion" and has an affinity with Ancient Greek: κάπια (kápia) and Albanian: qepë and is ancestral to Aromanian: tseapã, Catalan: ceba, Occitan: ceba, Spanish: cebolla, Italian: cipolla, and Romanian: ceapă. It has less sulfur based compounds making it more gentle to one’s taste buds. [35], Onions are toxic to dogs, cats, guinea pigs, and many other animals. the second in My New(ISH) series I’m calling ‘add a vegetable’. 1 0. For the surname, see. The tree onion or Egyptian onion produces bulblets in the umbel instead of flowers, and is now known to be a hybrid of A. cepa and A. fistulosum. [39] Yellow onions have the highest total flavonoid content, an amount 11 times higher than in white onions. Onions require a high level of nutrients in the soil. The Onion Family, Alliaceae, is a family of herbaceous perennial flowering plants.They are monocots, part of order Asparagales. Alef. This makes them sweeter and milder tasting, but reduces their shelf life. [7] This gas is produced by a chain of reactions which serve as a defence mechanism: chopping an onion causes damage to cells which releases enzymes called alliinases. A type of onion called sweet onions are known for their sweet tasting content, making them edible in a way that one would eat fruit. A ‘vegetable’ in botanical terms on the other hand, does not have a set definition but is more of a general term encompassing all other edible aspects of the plant, the roots, stems and leaves. Updated: 12 February 2016. This will make your work easier. Onions are low in nutrients but are valued for their flavour THIS ONION JAM MAY WELL become your secret weapon in the kitchen! [19], In the Age of Discovery, onions were taken to North America by the first European settlers,[17] only to discover the plant readily available, and in wide use in Native American gastronomy. The site should not be used for growing onions again for several years and should also be avoided for growing carrots, parsnips, and beans, which are also susceptible to the eelworm. cepa) and are usually referred to simply as "onions". The plants rarely flower; propagation is by division.[73]. This is caused by the release of a volatile liquid, syn-propanethial-S-oxide and its aerosol, which stimulates nerves in the eye. So based on the above definition, can an onion be actually a fruit? So, is onion a fruit, a vegetable, a root, or a bulb, or anything else? ×proliferum), and the Canada onion (Allium canadense). The name "wild onion" is applied to a number of Allium species, but A. cepa is exclusively known from cultivation. The simple answer is that garlic is a member of the lily family, along with onions, shallots, and leeks. [70], Cooking onions and sweet onions are better stored at room temperature, optimally in a single layer, in mesh bags in a dry, cool, dark, well-ventilated location. [56][57], Onions are best cultivated in fertile soils that are well-drained. Allium is a monocot genus of flowering plants in the Alliaceae family. [9] A number of synonyms have appeared in its taxonomic history: A. cepa is known exclusively from cultivation,[4] but related wild species occur in Central Asia. A number of hybrids are cultivated that have A. cepa parentage, such as the diploid tree onion or Egyptian onion (A. [43] Leaving the root end intact also reduces irritation as the onion base has a higher concentration of sulphur compounds than the rest of the bulb. AN onion is a vegetable and a bulb. These bulbs planted the following spring grow into mature bulbs later in the growing season. I found this subject pretty intriguing since I have always referred to onions as vegetables. The bulbs are disfigured and rot, especially in wet weather. Therefore, from what we know so far, we can say that onion is a bulb. The Aggregatum Group of cultivars (A. cepa var. [67], White rot of onions, leeks, and garlic is caused by the soil-borne fungus Sclerotium cepivorum. Onions are available in fresh, frozen, canned, caramelised, pickled, and chopped forms. In botany, a fruit is a seed-bearing structure in flowering plants formed from the ovary after flowering. Celery – Leaf; the part we eat is an enlarged petiole (the stem of the leaf). All is green onion a vegetable wholesalers & is green onion a vegetable manufacturers come from members. Although it originated in western Asia, onion has long enjoyed worldwide popularity as a spice, vegetable and traditional medicine. Onions may be grown from sets, transplants or seeds. Onion powder is a seasoning widely used when the fresh ingredient is not available. Its close relatives include the garlic, scallion, shallot, leek, chive,[2] and Chinese onion.[3]. [69], In 2018, world production of onions and shallots (as green produce) was 5.5 million tonnes, led by China with 17% of the world total, and Mali, Niger, and Japan as secondary producers. 4. yes. If you want to avoid onions and garlic but are concerned about getting enough foods with antibacterial properties, use more ginger and … Green onions are vegetables. Flowers: Quite similar to leeks, onion flowers are a rounded ball of tiny white flowers on a tall stalk. Onion Vegetable is a delicious Indian recipe served as a Side-Dish. They form aggregate clusters of small, narrowly ovoid to pear-shaped bulbs. Because onion seeds are short-lived, fresh seeds germinate more effectively when sown in shallow drills, then thinning the plants in stages. Its status as a fruit or a vegetable was so contentious that in 1893 the Supreme Court had to weigh in and settle the issue once and for all. As the roots rot, the foliage turns yellow and wilts. Vegetables are usually grouped according to the portion of the plant that is eaten such as leaves (lettuce), stem (celery), roots (carrot), tubers (potato), bulbs (onion) and flowers (broccoli). They are propagated almost exclusively from daughter bulbs, although reproduction from seed is possible. Onion is also widely used in soups, pickles and cooked vegetable dishes, sauces, hearty casseroles, and bean and lentil dishes. 1 So, putting our botany caps on, we would classify foods like apples, strawberries and cherries as fruit, including peppers! We use it in many food recipes, almost every gardener grows it in his garden, we can eat every part of it, is healthy whether it is raw or cooked, plus consuming it brings us numerous health benefits. The geographic origin of the onion is uncertain because the wild onion is extinct and ancient records of using onions span western and eastern Asia. Onion is a vegetable, is classified as a bulb. [78], This article is about the plant. [60][71], Sweet onions have a greater water and sugar content than cooking onions. for the triploid onion, but this name has also been applied to the Egyptian onion. [54] Synthetic onion lachrymatory factor has been used in a study related to tear production,[55] and has been proposed as a nonlethal deterrent against thieves and intruders. Still, there is one problem left. The only name unambiguously connected with the triploid onion is A. ×cornutum. [15] The average pH of an onion is around 5.5. 3. Required fields are marked *. He also said that the stem of onion is discoid (disc-shaped) and it is an underground alteration of the stem which falls under the classification of a bulb. It has previously been treated as a variety of A. cepa, for example A. cepa var. [17] According to diaries kept by certain of the first English colonists, the bulb onion was one of the first crops planted by the Pilgrim fathers.[19]. Depending on the mature size and the purpose for which the onion is used, these may be referred to as pearl, boiler, or pickler onions, but differ from true pearl onions which are a different species. Therefore, from what we know so far, we can say that onion is a bulb. Some varieties of A. cepa, such as shallots and potato onions, produce multiple bulbs. Yes - onions are part of the vegetable family. [19] Onions were used in Egyptian burials, as evidenced by onion traces found in the eye sockets of Ramesses IV. This genus also contains several other species variously referred to as onions and cultivated for food, such as the Japanese bunching onion (Allium fistulosum), the tree onion (A. The crop is prone to attack by a number of pests and diseases, particularly the onion fly, the onion eelworm, and various fungi which can cause rotting. No cure is known and affected plants should be uprooted and burned. The common onion is classified under the Allium cepa species of which there are hundreds of different cultivars. is green onion a vegetable. The larvae tunnel into the bulbs and the foliage wilts and turns yellow. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, an artichoke is a vegetable. Closely related to garlic, onions are the most widely cultivated plant in the Allium genera.. Your email address will not be published. [48] A method for efficiently differentiating LFS− and LFS+ onions has been developed based on mass spectrometry, with potential application in high-volume production;[49] gas chromatography is also used to measure lachrymatory factor in onions. Answer #1 | 17/11 2014 01:17 onions are a vegetable. chives is fruit or vegetable? In the autumn (or in spring, in the case of overwintering onions), the foliage dies down and the outer layers of the bulb become dry and brittle. Onions are low in nutrients but are valued for their flavour CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research, Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Approximate pH Values of Common Foods and Ingredients", "Onion Cultivation and Production in Iran", "A review on the materials used during the mummification process in ancient Egypt", "The Difference between Yellow, White, and Red Onions", "Onion epidermis as a new model to study the control of growth anisotropy in higher plants", "A rapid, highly efficient and economical method of Agrobacterium-mediated in planta transient transformation in living onion epidermis", "What is the chemical process that causes my eyes to tear when I peel an onion? [59] Onions are a cool-weather crop and can be grown in USDA zones 3 to 9. [17][20][21][22], Traces of onions recovered from Bronze Age settlements in China suggest that onions were used as far back as 5000 BC, not only for their flavour, but the bulb's durability in storage and transport. The seeds are glossy black and triangular in cross section. Raw onions can be readily available during all the seasons. viviparum. But just as the tomatoes are considered fruits from the botanical point of view and not vegetables because they are formed from a flower and contain seeds, I might also be wrong about onions. During the Daily Briefing, Tucker Hope reports that the FDA is urging Americans to put something green in their dumb mouths. Or something else? [52][53], Guinea hen weed and honey garlic contain a similar lachrymatory factor. Young plants are killed and older ones produce soft bulbs. Also, they draw moisture from vegetables with which they are stored which may cause them to decay. The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium. Garlic is rarely eaten on its own, which is what many people use as a common classification for a vegetable. The fly is attracted to the crop by the smell of damaged tissue and is liable to occur after thinning. Southern European and North African varieties are often known as "intermediate-day" types, requiring only 12–13 hours of daylight to stimulate bulb formation. [50][51] In early 2018, Bayer released the first crop yield of commercially available LFS-silenced onions under the name "Sunions. Vegetables. It is said that King Louis XIV created French onion soup at a hunting lodge, although the story is likely a myth. After all, it grows in the ground, isn’t it? ; Denton, O.A. So maybe an onion is a vegetable after all. Found at supermarkets and farmers markets, artichokes are best prepared by steaming or boiling the green leaves of the flower bud. Both, onion *is* a vegetable, dry it and pulverize it you have onion powder which is one of my favorite spices for soups and marinades, Wiki says... "Onion powder is a spice used for seasoning in cooking." Or roots, or bulbs? In dry weather, they can be left on the surface of the soil for a few days for drying, then placed in nets, roped into strings, or laid in layers in shallow boxes. Young plants may be harvested before bulbing occurs and used whole as spring onions or scallions. French onion soup can be made using beef, chicken or vegetable stock. As the onion matures, food reserves begin to accumulate in the leaf bases and the bulb of the onion swells. Tomatoes, on the other hand, are not usually used in sweet dishes. Onions start bulb formation when the day length is of the proper duration and different varieties of onions require different day lengths to … Most of the diversity within A. cepa occurs within this group, the most economically important Allium crop. "Vegetable" can be used in several senses, including culinary, botanical and legal. Looking for onion recipes? Onion Vegetable is a delicious Indian recipe served as a Side-Dish. Bulbing usually takes place after 12 to 18 weeks. Anything that is formed … A bulb is an underground vertical shoot that has modified leaves (or thickened leaf bases) that are used as food storage organs by a dormant plant. Well, I think it depends on the context. Bulbs will multiply into clumps and can be harvested throughout the cooler months. The onion portion that most of us eat is a vegetable bulb. Most of these disorders are best treated by removing and burning affected plants. All About Allium Vegetables. [74][75] It has been grown for centuries in Japan and China for use as a salad onion. [60] Hot temperatures or other stressful conditions cause them to "bolt", meaning that a flower stem begins to grow. Answer #2 | 16/11 2014 19:31 Hey, troll, you left your relationships category. Spring onions or salad onions may be grown from the Welsh onion (A. fistulosum), as well as from A. cepa. The English word chive is also derived from the Old French cive, which derived from cepa. Wait! Control measures may include crop rotation, the use of seed dressings, early sowing or planting, and the removal of infested plants. Most used flavouring vegetable in the amaryllis family ( Amaryllidaceae ), a website about kids cooking, to! Has to do with the reproductive portions of the full plant as a.... Them to `` bolt '', meaning that a flower stem begins to in... Triploid onion is likely native to southwestern Asia but is now grown the... 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