This happened while in graduate school and centered on just one verse: “for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ.” (1 Corinthians 10:4) Berean Study Bible So Saul broke off his pursuit of David and went to meet the Philistines. Bible reference: 1 Cor. Even well-respected Protestant scholars will agree on this point. for “rock”; John 1:41-42). A common belief of millions of professing Christians is that Peter was designated by Jesus to be the foundation or head of the church. Rocks are part of the coarsest and grossest element; they are but earth, condensed and congealed into a massy senseless lump. Baptist scholar D. A. Carson, warites, in The Expositor’s Bible Commentary: The apostle Paul affirms that the God the Israelites of the Old Testament knew—the One they looked to as their "Rock" of strength (see Deuteronomy 32:4 Deuteronomy 32:4 He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he. 10:4. for “rock”) or Peter (Gr. The Bible just wasn’t behaving as I had always been told it most certainly does—needs to—behave. That is why that place is called Sela-hammahlekoth. Even if Peter is the rock in Matthew 16:18, this is meaningless in giving the Roman Catholic Church any authority. And honest princes will rule under him. As we have seen, Peter’s being the rock is not the only valid interpretation of this verse. Rock in Greek: Petra. But his declaration about Messiah’s person led to a declaration of Messiah’s program. Christ is of the highest and best of beings, he that made and formed the elements, and gave being to all creatures and things, who, though called a Rock, yet is the Lord from heaven, and a quickening Spirit. When asked why they believe this, many will quote Matthew 16:18-19 as the answer, explaining that Jesus said Peter was the rock on which the church would be built. He is the Rock of Salvation, something you can build on … The Roman Catholic Church uses the argument that Peter is the rock to which Jesus referred as evidence that it is the one true church. The Rock that was used to produce water, the stone called Jacob's Pillar, certain names of God had to do with a craggy rock being used to express the nature of God to provide shelter and a safe place against enemies. Therefore that place was called the Rock of Escape. Because of this, great honor is paid to Peter to this day by these same professed believers. Peter was not the "rock" that Jesus spoke of in Matthew 16, but he was one of the many that would be among the body of believers throughout time. No human could accomplish this goal; but Jesus, God in human form, fully accomplished His work and continues to build a prevailing church today. When the Lord and Peter first met, Jesus had said Simon would be named Cephas (Aram. If Peter called Jesus the cornerstone and Paul called Jesus the One who grows the church, then the most accurate understanding of the rock upon whom the church is built is Jesus Christ. Peter was living up to his name (it means “rock”) for he was demonstrating himself to be a rock. The name Cephas is an anglicized form of the Aramaic Kepha, which means simply “rock.” There would have been no “small rock” to be found in Jesus’ original statement to Peter. We are all "rocks" in God's church, but Jesus is the Rock spoken of in Isaiah 32:1-2 (NLT) "Look, a righteous king is coming! 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