Some buildings caught fire after the February earthquake. The 2016 M7.8 Kaikoura eq •Magnitude 7.8, 14 November 2016 •Multiple faults ruptured •Displacements exceeding 5m (horizontal and vertical) •Serious property and infrastructure damage •Infrastructure includes spatial reference system (datum) GA membership provides specialist support and expert advice for geography teaching. The 2016 moment magnitude ( M w) 7.8 Kaikōura earthquake was one of the largest ever to hit New Zealand. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, Vol. What were you thoughts when the quake was happening and afterwards?The quake woke me up and I was alone in the house. Describe what you see. For more information on what cookies are and how you can manage and remove them click here. The epicentre (the point on the Earth's surface above the hypocentre) was 15 kilometres (9 mi) north-east of Culverden and 95 km (59 mi) from Christchurch. The Everyday Guide to Primary Geography: Maths. The New Zealand Army was sent to the worst affected areas in Christchurch. This was made up of a 1.5 m rise measured on the gauge, and a rise of about 1 m of the gauge itself, as the seabed and surrounding land rose by that amount. A tsunami followed the earthquake and reached a maximum run-up height above tide level of 6.9 m. Jump to Navigation Significant Earthquakes - 2016. The novelty I used to feel about earthquakes has well and truly worn off! NIWA marine geologist Dr Philip Barnes said the length of the Kekerengu–Needles Fault rupture may extend for about 70 km (43 mi), consisting of 36 km (22 mi) on land and 34 km (21 mi) under the sea. The main delivery highway from Christchurch (Highway 1) was closed and only two of the main supermarkets were open which sold out of bread and milk. Explain the significance of the time of day the earthquake struck in relation to the death toll. Kaikoura Aerodrome was too small to take larger multi-engine aircraft so landing was limited to helicopters and small aircraft. A lot of the fatalities were to do with crumbling/falling buildings and tragically it happened in the daytime when people were out and about or at work. The tsunami didn't cause serious damage, except to one area called Little Pigeon Bay on Banks Peninsula, said Geonet. [23] The bay contained only one building, an unoccupied holiday house that was pushed off its foundations and heavily damaged. Next time we might not be so lucky that it hits at a time when most people are at home in bed and relatively safe rather than walking along streets lined with high-rise buildings, at work or on the roads. The quake caused damage to … ‘Kiwis are a unique type of tough’: a note from GeoNet’s director on responding to the monster quake, The Spinoff. The earthquake struck New Zealand on 22 February 2011 at 12:51 pm. A powerful 7.8 magnitude earthquake pummeled central New Zealand early on Monday, killing at least two people, damaging roads and buildings and setting off hundreds of strong aftershocks. For a good week or so afterwards I constantly felt like the ground was shaking and became fairly obsessed with having a glass of water with me so I could check if it was moving. Why was the death toll so much lower than that of the 2011 February earthquake, despite it being less powerful? Earthquake: Two die after massive tremors – includes video of Prime Minister John Key media conference, Radio New Zealand. A gauge in the town measured a wave over 8ft tall as a tsunami hit the east coast after the initial quake. How did the quake affect you, your family, friends and community?It woke me up and I had no power for approximately one hour. 50, No. The earthquakes were caused by one plate moving on top of the other at an ‘oblique-reverse’ fault, after a sudden release in pressure from the Pacific and Australian plates moving towards one another. [7], The earthquake started at about 15 kilometres (9 mi) north-east of Culverden and 60 kilometres (37 mi) south-west of the tourist town of Kaikōura and at a depth of approximately 15 kilometres (9 mi). An earthquake occurred in Christchurch on 14 February 2016 at 1:13 p.m. local time (00:13 UTC) and initially recorded as 5.9 on the Richter scale, but subsequently reviewed as 5.7. [74], Nearly 200 people had been airlifted out of Kaikōura by late evening on 15 November, with about 1,000 still to be evacuated on the following morning. [35] Repair of the highway north of Kaikōura took substantially longer, with the repaired highway opening over a year later on 15 December 2017. A 2016 tremor in New Zealand destroyed roads and set off slow slip movements deep in the two crustal plates off the country’s east coast. [16] The offshore continuation of the Kekerengu Fault to the north east, known as the Needles Fault, ruptured as well. The quake struck at a depth of 16.1 km, approximately 40 km West of Christchurch. [15], The tsunami that followed the Kaikōura earthquake reached a peak height of about 7 metres. [27] The closure of SH1, the Inland Kaikoura Road and the Main North Line railway effectively cut off all land routes into Kaikōura. Fig. [85] HMNZS Canterbury arrived in Kaikōura on 16 November and transported about 450 evacuees, 4 dogs, and 7 tonnes of luggage to Lyttelton, arriving early the following morning. Some landslides and avalanches can be more damaging than the initial effects of the earthquake. I find myself wondering ‘what would happen if an earthquake hit right now?’ when I'm out and about all of the time. The critical lessons learned from the September 2010 M 7.0 Darfield earthquake—and its major aftershock, the February 2011 M6.2 Christchurch earthquake—and the November 2016 M7.8 Kaikoura earthquake, as well as worldwide earthquakes such as the 2011 M9.0 Tohoku, Japan, earthquake, have served to inform AIR’s views of seismic risk in New Zealand. Tsunami can also occur, with equally devastating and deadly effects. Fortunately the hospital is earthquake resistant. There has been no major damage to our immediate area as far as I'm aware an Lucy and I have both been to work today and in true NZ spirit it's been business as usual... We are all pretty tired as had very little sleep so will be off to bed soon!!!! You could also include interviews with residents and authorities. USGS Earthquake Hazards Program, responsible for monitoring, reporting, and researching earthquakes and earthquake hazards . At 12:02:56 a.m. Monday, November 14 2016 NZDT (11:02:56 a.m., November 13 2016 UTC) a magnitude 7.8 earthquake struck near Kaikōura on the north-eastern coast of the South Island of New Zealand. Ground ruptures can only occur where there is a fault line. Shaking of the ground may trigger avalanches, landslides and rock slides. 2021. Describe your experience of the earthquake and how it has affected you and those around you.I've felt quakes before but this was the first one I'd actually 'seen'. [39] The complete railway from Picton to Christchurch was not restored until 15 September 2017,[40] though service was limited thereafter by continued landslides and repair work; passenger service did not resume until 1 December 2018. How do the personal accounts above compare to the media reports? 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